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Election Watch


Year 2007

A Haze of Secrecy
Centre for Independent Journalism and ARTICLE 19

Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Bill 2007


  • I.Preliminary
  • II. Administration
  • III. Approval for the construction, alteration or closure of prescribed solid waste management facilities
  • IV Licensing
  • V Charges
  • VI Tribunal for solid waste management service
  • VII assumption of control
  • VIII Control of solid waste generators and persons in possession of controlled solid waste
  • IX Enforcement provision
  • X Reduction and recovery of controlled solid waste
  • XI General

South-East Asia's peat fires and global warming


  • How serious is the destruction of South East Asia’s peat forests for the global climate?
  • How serious is the destruction of south-east Asia’s peat otherwise?
  • Causes of peat drainage and fires in South-east Asia
  • What needs to be done to end this climate change disaster?
  • What are the United Nations and member states of UNFCCC doing to address the problem?
  • How the Clean Development Mechanism and climate change policies pursued by Annex 1 nations are contributing to peat and forest destruction
  • Note
  • References

Access to Energy and Human Development
Amie Gaye
United Nations Development Programme


  • Introduction
  • 1. Inequalities in Energy Consumption
  • 2. Climate Change Impact, Adaptation and Energy Challenge
  • 3. Improving Access to Modern Energy Services to Mitigate Climate Change
  • Summary and conclusion

Climate Change: Financial Risks to Federal and Private Insurers in Coming Decades are Potentially Significant
United States Government Accountability Office

HSBC Climate Confidence Index


  • Foreword
  • Executive Summary
  • Creating a Consumer Index
  • HSBC Climate Confidence Index 2007
  • Concern
  • Confidence
  • Commitment
  • Optimism
  • Implications
  • Contact information HSBC Climate Partnership

How do Poor People Adapt to Weather Variability and Natural Disasters Today?
Philip Dobie, Barry Shapiro, Patrick Webb and Mark Winslow
United Nations Development Programme

Is Nuclear Inevitable? Policy and politics for a carbon constrained world
Tom Burke CBE

Media Coverage of Climate Change:Current Trends, Strengths, Weaknesses
Maxwell T. Boykoff and J. Timmons Roberts
United Nations Development Programme


  • Introduction
  • Media and climate risk: An abridged history
  • Case Studies
  • Factors that influence discourses on climate via the media
  • Media and foreign aid
  • Conclusions

Oil Palm and Other Commercial Tree Plantations, Monocropping: Impacts on Indigenous Peoples’ Land Tenure and Resource
Management Systems and Livelihoods
Victoria Tauli-Corpuz and Parshuram Tamang
United Nations Permanent Forum


  • Introduction
  • Overview of indigenous peoples’ experiences with logging and large scale monocropping plantations
  • Oil palm plantations and indigenous peoples
  • Emerging issues; biofuels, carbon sinks and carbon emissions trading
  • Social and Environmental Impacts of Logging and Monocropping Plantations
  • Responses and initiatives of indigenous peoples, NGOs and UN bodies
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendations

Climate Change: Synthesis Report
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change


  • Introduction
  • 1. Observed changes in climate and their effects
  • 2. Causes of change
  • 3. Projected climate change and its impacts
  • 4. Adaptation and mitigation options
  • 5. The long-term perspective

The Costs of Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change: Estimates Derived from a Meta-Analysis of the Literature
Terry Barker and Katie Jenkins
United Nations Development Programme


  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Literature on achieving the 2ºC target
  • 3. A meta-analysis of costs of stabilisation
  • 4. Extrapolation of the Stern Review meta-analysis to estimate the effects of more stringent targets
  • 5. Effective, efficient and equitable policies to avoid dangerous climate change
  • 6. Conclusions
  • 7. References

The Effects of Climate-Related Disasters on Human Development
Ricardo Fuentes and Papa Seck, Human Development Report Office, UNDP


  • Why is it important to assess the potential impacts of climate change on human development?
  • How do climate change and climate-related shocks affect human development?
  • How do climate-related shocks create low-human development traps?
  • How do you measure the negative impacts of climate-related disasters and what is the existing evidence?

How Religions Can Find Unexpected Unity Around Climate Change
Roman Krznaric, United Nations Development Programme


  • Introduction
  • Christianity
  • Islam
  • Judaism
  • Buddhism
  • Hinduism
  • Confucianism
  • Indigenous Cosmologies
  • Conclusion

Year 2006

Department of Environment
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia
ISSN 0127-6433

Part 1: Malaysia Environmental Quality Report


  • Foreword
  • 1. Air quality
  • 1.1 Air quality monitoring
  • 1.2 Air quality status
  • 1.3 Air quality trend
  • 2. Noise monitoring
  • 2.1 Noise monitoring programme
  • 3. River water quality
  • 3.1 River water quality monitoring
  • 3.2 River water quality status
  • 3.3 River water pollution sources

Part 2: Malaysia Environmental Quality Report


  • 4. Ground water quality
  • 4.1 Ground water quality monitoring
  • 4.2 Ground water quality status
  • 5. Marine and island marine water quality
  • 5.1 Marine water quality monitoring
  • 5.2 Marine water quality status
  • 5.3 Island water quality monitoring
  • 5.4 Tarball monitoring
  • 6. Pollution sources inventory
  • 6.1 Sources of water pollution
  • 6.2 Bod pollution load
  • 6.3 Sources of air pollution
  • 6.4 Air pollution emission load
  • 6.5 Schedules waste inventory
  • 6.6 The Basel convention on the control of transboundary movement of hazardous waste and their disposal
  • Annex

Making Sweden and Oil-Free Society
Commission on Oil Independence


  • A vision for Sweden
  • Commission on Oil Independence
  • Will oil run out – and, if so, when?
  • How dependent on oil is Sweden today?
  • The Commission’s points of departure
  • Analyses and proposals

Spreading the Water Wealth: Making Water Infrastructure Work for the Poor
International Rivers Network
ISBN: 978-0-9718858-3-7


  • Introduction and Key Message
  • The Big Potential of Small Farms
  • Water Innovators: Low Tech, Low Cost, High Reward Solutions
  • 2006 River Hotspots
  • Fast Facts on Water and Poverty

Promised Land: Palm Oil and Land Acquisition in Indonesia -Implications for Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples
Marcus Colchester, Norman Jiwan, Andiko, Martua Sirait, Asep Yunan Firdaus, A. Surambo, Herbert Pane
Forest Peoples Programme, Perkumpulan Sawit Watch HuMA and the World Agroforestry Centre


  • Chapter 1 : Introduction
  • Chapter 2 : Towards Responsible Palm Oil Production
  • Chapter 3 : The Normative Framework - Land Acquisition for New Plantings
  • Chapter 4 : Case Studies
  • Chapter 5 : Legal Analysis
  • Chapter 6 : Implications and Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix

Global Wind Energy Outlook
GreenPeace and Global Wind Energy Council


  • Executive Summary
  • The Global Status of Wind Power
  • Drivers for Wind Energy
  • The World's Wind Resources and Grid Integration
  • The Environmental Impacts of Wind Power
  • The 'Global Wind Energy Outlook' Scenario
  • Energy Policy Issues and Recommendations

Year 2005

The Economics of Climate Change
House of Lords


  • Chapter 1: Introduction
  • Chapter 2: The Uncertain Science of Climate Change
  • Chapter 3: The Future Impacts of the Enhanced Greenhouse Effect
  • Chapter 4: Forecasting Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Temperature Change
  • Chapter 5: The Costs Of Tackling Climate Change
  • Chapter 6: The Benefits of Climate Change Control
  • Chapter 7: The IPCC Process
  • Chapter 8: United Kingdom Policy and The International Negotiations On Climate Change
  • Chapter 9: Conclusions and Recommendations

National Policy Responses To Climate Change: Malaysian Experience
Salmah Zakaria, Ahmad Jamalluddin Shaaban and Yeng Mei Chan
National Hydraulic Research Institute of Malaysia


  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. National Responses to Date
  • 3 International commitments
  • 4. What Next
  • 5. Conclusion

Tropical Deforestation and the Kyoto Protocol
An Editorial Essay


  • 1. Deforestation and Carbon Emissions
  • 2. The Kyoto Protocol and Developing Countries
  • 3. Compensated Reductions
  • 4. Baselines
  • 5. Leakage, Additionality and Permanence
  • 6. Reducing Deforestation
  • 7. Developing Country Participation
  • 8. Conclusions

Scientific Facts on Ecosystem Change


  • 1. How have ecosystems changed?
  • 2. How have ecosystem services and their uses changed?
  • 3. How have ecosystem changes affected human well-being and poverty allevation?
  • 4. What are the most critical factors causing ecosystem changes?
  • 5. How might ecosystems and their services change in the future under various plausible scenarios?
  • 6. Why are both global and sub-global assessments of ecosystem change useful?
  • 7. How do ecosystems change over time?.....
  • 8. What options exist to manage ecosystems sustainability?
  • 9. What are the most important uncertainties hindering decision-making concerning ecosystems?
  • 10. Conclusions: main findings

Global Iniative for Environmental Accounting
Jeffrey Sachs, Glenn-Marie Lange, Geoffrey Heal and Arthur Small
Earth Institute at Columbia University in collaboration with the World Bank Environment Department


  • Environmental Accounts Contribute to Better Policy
  • The Need for a Global initiative in Environmental Accounting
  • The Global Initiative in Environmental Accounting
  • The Role of the Earth Institute
  • Budget and time frame
  • United Nations

Year 2004

Climate change and malaria: analysis ofthe SRES climate and socio-economic scenarios
M. van Lieshout and P. Martens, International Centre of Integrative Studies, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands
R.S. Kovats, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
M.T.J. Livermore, Climatic Research Unit, UEA, UK


  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Methods and model
  • 3. Results
  • 4. Discussion
  • 5. Conclusions
  • References

Climate Change Prediction: Uncertainty, Risk and CO2 Stabilisation
Mat Collins, Ben Booth, Glen Harris, James Murphy, David Sexton, Mark Webb
Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research

Assessing the Economic Value of Ecosystem Conservation
Stefano Pagiola, Konrad von Ritter and Joshua Bishop
The World Bank Environment Department


  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. The importance of ecosystem services
  • 3. Valuing ecosystem services
  • 4. Valuing the total flow of benefits
  • 5. Valuing changes in flows
  • 6. Identifying winners and losers
  • 7. Identifying potential financing sources
  • 8. Conclusions
  • 9. Case studies

Mainstreaming Gender into the Climate Change Regime
United Nations


  • Gender and Adaptation
  • Gender and vulnerability
  • Impacts of Climate Change on gender relations
  • Gender in adaptation measures
  • The way forward in gender and adaptation
  • Incorporating gender issues in the full range of climate policy worldwide
  • Recommendations

Saving Fish and Fishers, Toward Sustainable and Equitable Governance of the Global Fishing Sector
The World Bank, Agriculture and Rural Development Department


  • 1. The State of Global Fisheries and their Driving Forces
  • 2. Redressing the Governance Framework for Sustainable Fisheries Management
  • 3. The Institutional Framework for Governance of Sustainable Fisheries
  • 4. Tools for the Sustainable Management of Fisheries Resources
  • 5. International Support for Fisheries, Past and Present, and the Way Forward

Clean air in the cities
akzente working with GTZ


  • Editorial
  • A modern infrastructure to stop emissions
  • Air polluters on the retreat
  • A full range of measures to prevent air pollution ( Malaysian case study)
  • Measuring labs on patrol
  • Alarming waste studies
  • Breathing in the smog
  • The mantra of energy saving
  • Clean air in cities
  • Twins for better air quality

Inside the Greenhouse, The impacts of CO2 and Climate Change on Public Health in the inner city
Paul R. Epstein and Christine Rogers, Center for Health and the Global Environment Harvard Medical School


  • Executive Summary and Key Points
  • Oil and Environmental Justice: A Life Cycle Analysis
  • Carbon Dioxide, Climate Change and Aeroallergens
  • Overview of Climate Change and Urban Public Health
  • Conclusions and Recommendations

Year 2003

Climate and Atmosphere Malaysia


  • Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions
  • CO2 Emissions by Sector
  • CO2 Intensity
  • Non-CO2 Air Pollution
  • Multilateral Agreements Status as of September 2002

Relationship between increases in global mean temperature and impacts on ecosystems, food production, water and socio-economic systems
Bill Hare, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research


  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Method
  • 3 Results
  • 4 Conclusions
  • 5 Appendix Figures

Year 2002

Climate Change and Agricultural Vulnerability
Gunther Fischer, Mahendra Shah and Harrij van Velthuizen
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis


  • Introduction
  • Methodology of Ecological–Economic Analysis of Climate Change and Agricultural Vulnerability
  • Impacts of Climate Change on Agro-ecology
  • Climate Change: Impacts on Food Systems
  • Conclusions
  • Annexes
  • References

Global Water Outlook to 2025, Averting an Impending Crisis
Mark W. Rosegrant, Ximing Cai, and Sarah A.Cline
International Food Policy Research Institute
ISBN 0-89629-646-6


  • Introduction
  • A Thirsty World
  • Alternative Futures for Water
  • Consequences of Key Policy Changes
  • Implications for the Future
  • Notes
  • Box:The IMPACT-WATER Model

Year 2001

The underlying causes and impacts of fires in South-east Asia
Center for International Forest Research


  • Introduction
  • Methodology
  • Vegetation Indices Analysis
  • Hot Spot Analaysis
  • Site Analysis
  • Synthesis of underlying causes of fire
  • Policy Issues and Implications
  • References


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